Polishing Step Purification of High-Strength Wastewaters by Nanofiltration and Reverse Osmosis
AbstractThis article reports findings on the use of nanofiltration (NF) and reverse osmosis (RO) for secondary treatment of high-strength rendering facility wastewaters following an ultrafiltration step. These wastewaters present significant challenges to classical treatment technologies. Constant-pressure, direct-flow membrane filtration experiments were done to screen for flux and effluent water permeate quality of ten commercial NF and RO membranes. All membranes tested were effective in reducing total dissolved salts (TDS) and chemical oxygen demand (COD); however, only two membranes (Koch MPF-34 and Toray 70UB) gave sufficiently stable flux values to warrant longer term cross-flow filtration studies. Cross-flow flux measurements, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-ray dispersive spectroscopy (EDS), and attenuated total reflectance-Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (ATR-FTIR) indicated that both membranes were eventually fouled by organic and inorganic foulants; however, the Toray 70UB RO membrane yielded a capacity of 1600 L/m2 prior to cleaning. A preliminary economic analysis compared the estimated costs of energy and consumables for a dual-stage UF/RO membrane process and dissolved air floatation (DAF) and found membrane process costs could be less than about 40% of the current DAF process. View Full-Text
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Zhou, J.; Baker, B.O.; Grimsley, C.T.; Husson, S.M. Polishing Step Purification of High-Strength Wastewaters by Nanofiltration and Reverse Osmosis. Membranes 2016, 6, 19.
Zhou J, Baker BO, Grimsley CT, Husson SM. Polishing Step Purification of High-Strength Wastewaters by Nanofiltration and Reverse Osmosis. Membranes. 2016; 6(1):19.Chicago/Turabian Style
Zhou, Jinxiang; Baker, Brian O.; Grimsley, Charles T.; Husson, Scott M. 2016. "Polishing Step Purification of High-Strength Wastewaters by Nanofiltration and Reverse Osmosis." Membranes 6, no. 1: 19.
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