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Membranes 2016, 6(1), 13; doi:10.3390/membranes6010013

Aspects of Mathematical Modelling of Pressure Retarded Osmosis

School of Natural Sciences, Griffith University, Parklands Drive, Southport 4222, Australia
Academic Editor: Adel Sharif
Received: 14 October 2015 / Revised: 7 January 2016 / Accepted: 20 January 2016 / Published: 3 February 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Forward Osmosis/Pressure Retarded Osmosis)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [689 KB, uploaded 3 February 2016]   |  

Abstract

In power generating terms, a pressure retarded osmosis (PRO) energy generating plant, on a river entering a sea or ocean, is equivalent to a hydroelectric dam with a height of about 60 meters. Therefore, PRO can add significantly to existing renewable power generation capacity if economical constrains of the method are resolved. PRO energy generation relies on a semipermeable membrane that is permeable to water and impermeable to salt. Mathematical modelling plays an important part in understanding flows of water and salt near and across semipermeable membranes and helps to optimize PRO energy generation. Therefore, the modelling can help realizing PRO energy generation potential. In this work, a few aspects of mathematical modelling of the PRO process are reviewed and discussed. View Full-Text
Keywords: pressure retarded osmosis; mathematical modelling; energy generation pressure retarded osmosis; mathematical modelling; energy generation
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Anissimov, Y.G. Aspects of Mathematical Modelling of Pressure Retarded Osmosis. Membranes 2016, 6, 13.

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