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Membranes 2015, 5(4), 597-615; doi:10.3390/membranes5040597

Membrane Binding and Modulation of the PDZ Domain of PICK1

Molecular Neuropharmacology Laboratory, Lundbeck Foundation Center for Biomembranes in Nanomedicine, Department of Neuroscience and Pharmacology, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, The Panum Institute 18.6, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen N 2200, Denmark
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Shiro Suetsugu
Received: 15 September 2015 / Accepted: 10 October 2015 / Published: 16 October 2015
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Abstract

Scaffolding proteins serve to assemble protein complexes in dynamic processes by means of specific protein-protein and protein-lipid binding domains. Many of these domains bind either proteins or lipids exclusively; however, it has become increasingly evident that certain domains are capable of binding both. Especially, many PDZ domains, which are highly abundant protein-protein binding domains, bind lipids and membranes. Here we provide an overview of recent large-scale studies trying to generalize and rationalize the binding patterns as well as specificity of PDZ domains towards membrane lipids. Moreover, we review how these PDZ-membrane interactions are regulated in the case of the synaptic scaffolding protein PICK1 and how this might affect cellular localization and function. View Full-Text
Keywords: PDZ domains; lipid-binding domains; PICK1; scaffolding proteins PDZ domains; lipid-binding domains; PICK1; scaffolding proteins
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Erlendsson, S.; Madsen, K.L. Membrane Binding and Modulation of the PDZ Domain of PICK1. Membranes 2015, 5, 597-615.

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