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Membranes 2014, 4(4), 692-729; doi:10.3390/membranes4040692

Membrane Bioprocesses for Pharmaceutical Micropollutant Removal from Waters

Institut Européen des Membranes (IEM), ENSCM, UM2, CNRS, Université de Montpellier 2, CC 047, Place Eugène Bataillon 34095, France
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Received: 11 July 2014 / Revised: 16 September 2014 / Accepted: 17 September 2014 / Published: 6 October 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Membrane Bioprocesses and Bioreactors)
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Abstract

The purpose of this review work is to give an overview of the research reported on bioprocesses for the treatment of domestic or industrial wastewaters (WW) containing pharmaceuticals. Conventional WW treatment technologies are not efficient enough to completely remove all pharmaceuticals from water. Indeed, these compounds are becoming an actual public health problem, because they are more and more present in underground and even in potable waters. Different types of bioprocesses are described in this work: from classical activated sludge systems, which allow the depletion of pharmaceuticals by bio-degradation and adsorption, to enzymatic reactions, which are more focused on the treatment of WW containing a relatively high content of pharmaceuticals and less organic carbon pollution than classical WW. Different aspects concerning the advantages of membrane bioreactors for pharmaceuticals removal are discussed, as well as the more recent studies on enzymatic membrane reactors to the depletion of these recalcitrant compounds. View Full-Text
Keywords: membrane bioprocesses; pharmaceutical micropollutants; wastewaters; membrane bioreactors; enzymatic membrane reactors membrane bioprocesses; pharmaceutical micropollutants; wastewaters; membrane bioreactors; enzymatic membrane reactors
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

de Cazes, M.; Abejón, R.; Belleville, M.-P.; Sanchez-Marcano, J. Membrane Bioprocesses for Pharmaceutical Micropollutant Removal from Waters. Membranes 2014, 4, 692-729.

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