Pharmacognostic and Antioxidant Properties of Dracaena sanderiana Leaves
AbstractEndogenous and exogenous antioxidants are used to neutralise free radicals and protect the body from free radicals by maintaining the redox balance. The antioxidant properties of Dracaena sanderiana leaves were evaluated using the 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) assay, and the total phenolic and flavonoid contents were measured. The classes of secondary metabolites were evaluated through pharmacognostic studies, and active compounds were identified by gas chromatography mass-spectrometry (GC-MS). All ethanol-water extracts and D. sanderiana leaf powder were positive for tannins, saponins, terpenoids, cardiac glycosides, and quinones. Flavonoids were present in 100%, 80%, 60%, and 40% ethanol extracts (E100, E80, E60, and E40). E100 showed the highest total flavonoid content, whereas E60 extract showed the highest antioxidant activity and total phenolic content. GC-MS revealed the presence of glycerol, 2,3-dihydro-3,5-dihydroxy-6-methyl-(4H)-pyran-4-one, n-dodecanoic acid, tetradecanoid acid, (n-) hexadecanoid acid, and n-octadecanoic acid in the E60 extract. View Full-Text
Share & Cite This Article
Ong, M.G.; Mat Yusuf, S.N.A.; Lim, V. Pharmacognostic and Antioxidant Properties of Dracaena sanderiana Leaves. Antioxidants 2016, 5, 28.
Ong MG, Mat Yusuf SNA, Lim V. Pharmacognostic and Antioxidant Properties of Dracaena sanderiana Leaves. Antioxidants. 2016; 5(3):28.Chicago/Turabian Style
Ong, Mei G.; Mat Yusuf, Siti N.A.; Lim, Vuanghao. 2016. "Pharmacognostic and Antioxidant Properties of Dracaena sanderiana Leaves." Antioxidants 5, no. 3: 28.
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.