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Antioxidants 2014, 3(3), 516-525; doi:10.3390/antiox3030516
Article

Phytochemicals and Antioxidative Properties of Borneo Indigenous Liposu (Baccaurea lanceolata) and Tampoi (Baccaurea macrocarpa) Fruits

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Received: 11 April 2014; in revised form: 16 June 2014 / Accepted: 23 June 2014 / Published: 30 July 2014
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Abstract: Two underutilized indigenous fruits of Borneo, Liposu (Baccaurea lanceolata) and Tampoi (Baccaurea macrocarpa) were investigated for their total phenolic (TPC), flavonoid (TFC), anthocyanin (TAC) and carotenoid (TCC) contents as well as antioxidant properties in vitro. The fruits were separated into three different parts (i.e., pericarp, flesh and seed) and extracted using 80% methanol. Antioxidant activity was determined using DPPH (2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl) free radical scavenging, ABTS decolorization and FRAP (Ferric Reducing Antioxidant Power) assays. The results showed that B. macrocarpa pericarp contained the highest amount of total phenolics, total flavonoid, total anthocyanin and total carotenoid with the values of 60.04 ± 0.53 mg GAE/g, 44.68 ± 0.67 mg CE/g, 1.23 ± 0.20 mg c-3-gE/100 g and 0.81 ± 0.14 mg BCE/g. Results from DPPH, ABTS and FRAP assays also showed that the pericarp of B. macrocarpa displayed the highest antioxidant capacity. The antioxidant activity of the extract was significantly correlated with the total phenolic and flavonoid contents, but not with the carotenoid contents. In conclusion, B. macrocarpa displayed high potential as natural source of phytochemicals with antioxidant properties.
Keywords: Baccaurea lanceolata; Baccaurea macrocarpa; phenolic; flavonoid; anthocyanin; carotenoid; antioxidant activity Baccaurea lanceolata; Baccaurea macrocarpa; phenolic; flavonoid; anthocyanin; carotenoid; antioxidant activity
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Bakar, M.F.A.; Ahmad, N.E.; Karim, F.A.; Saib, S. Phytochemicals and Antioxidative Properties of Borneo Indigenous Liposu (Baccaurea lanceolata) and Tampoi (Baccaurea macrocarpa) Fruits. Antioxidants 2014, 3, 516-525.

AMA Style

Bakar MFA, Ahmad NE, Karim FA, Saib S. Phytochemicals and Antioxidative Properties of Borneo Indigenous Liposu (Baccaurea lanceolata) and Tampoi (Baccaurea macrocarpa) Fruits. Antioxidants. 2014; 3(3):516-525.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Bakar, Mohd F.A.; Ahmad, Nor E.; Karim, Fifilyana A.; Saib, Syazlina. 2014. "Phytochemicals and Antioxidative Properties of Borneo Indigenous Liposu (Baccaurea lanceolata) and Tampoi (Baccaurea macrocarpa) Fruits." Antioxidants 3, no. 3: 516-525.


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