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Microarrays 2012, 1(1), 3-24; doi:10.3390/microarrays1010003

Microbial Diagnostic Microarrays for the Detection and Typing of Food- and Water-Borne (Bacterial) Pathogens

1
AIT Austrian Institute of Technology GmbH, Health & Environment Department, Bioresources Unit, Konrad Lorenz Strasse 24, A-3430 Tulln an der Donau, Austria
2
Christian Doppler Laboratory for Molecular Food Analytics, University of Veterinary Medicine, Veterinärplatz 1, A-1210 Vienna, Austria
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 17 August 2011 / Revised: 5 October 2011 / Accepted: 7 October 2011 / Published: 14 October 2011
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Abstract

Reliable and sensitive pathogen detection in clinical and environmental (including food and water) samples is of greatest importance for public health. Standard microbiological methods have several limitations and improved alternatives are needed. Most important requirements for reliable analysis include: (i) specificity; (ii) sensitivity; (iii) multiplexing potential; (iv) robustness; (v) speed; (vi) automation potential; and (vii) low cost. Microarray technology can, through its very nature, fulfill many of these requirements directly and the remaining challenges have been tackled. In this review, we attempt to compare performance characteristics of the microbial diagnostic microarrays developed for the detection and typing of food and water pathogens, and discuss limitations, points still to be addressed and issues specific for the analysis of food, water and environmental samples.
Keywords: microbial diagnostic microarray; foodborne pathogens; waterborne pathogens; pathogen detection microbial diagnostic microarray; foodborne pathogens; waterborne pathogens; pathogen detection
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Kostić, T.; Sessitsch, A. Microbial Diagnostic Microarrays for the Detection and Typing of Food- and Water-Borne (Bacterial) Pathogens. Microarrays 2012, 1, 3-24.

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