Next Article in Journal
Reliability and Validity of the Japanese Version of the Kinesthetic and Visual Imagery Questionnaire (KVIQ)
Previous Article in Journal
Musical Experience, Sensorineural Auditory Processing, and Reading Subskills in Adults
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Brain Sci. 2018, 8(5), 78; https://doi.org/10.3390/brainsci8050078

Effects of Excitatory Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation of the P3 Point in Chronic Stroke Patients—Case Reports

1
Faculté des Sciences, Université du Québec à Montréal, Montreal, QC H2X 3Y7, Canada
2
Centro de Reabilitação e de Readaptação Dr Henrique Santillo—CRER, Goiânia, Goiás 74653-230, Brazil
3
École de Réadaptation, Faculté de Médecine, Université de Montréal, Montreal, QC H3N 1X7, Canada
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 1 March 2018 / Revised: 15 April 2018 / Accepted: 24 April 2018 / Published: 28 April 2018
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [1871 KB, uploaded 3 May 2018]   |  

Abstract

Objective: To evaluate the effects of excitatory repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) of the international 10–20 system P3 point (intraparietal sulcus region) in chronic patients with a frontal lesion and parietal sparing due to stroke on the impaired upper (UL) and lower limb (LL) as measured by the Fugl-Meyer Assessment (FMA). Methods: Three patients (C1: 49.83/2.75, C2: 53.17/3.83, C3: 63.33/3.08-years-old at stroke/years post-stroke, respectively) received two weeks (five days/week) of rTMS at 10 Hz of P3. A patient was treated in similar conditions with a sham coil (S1: 56.58/4.33). Patients were evaluated before, after, and two months post-treatment (A1, A2, and A3, respectively). Results: For LL, the scores of the motor function subsection of C1 and C3 as well as the sensory function of C2 increased by A2 and remained by A3. For UL, the score of the motor function of C2 and C3 also increased, but the score of C3 decreased by A3. The score of the range of motion subsection of C3 increased by the two follow-up evaluations. Conclusion: This study suggests excitatory rTMS over P3 may be of use for some chronic stroke patients, but these findings need to be verified in a future clinical trial. View Full-Text
Keywords: intraparietal sulcus; stroke; rTMS; Fugl-Meyer Assessment; fast frequency TMS; motricity; sensibility; chronic patients intraparietal sulcus; stroke; rTMS; Fugl-Meyer Assessment; fast frequency TMS; motricity; sensibility; chronic patients
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

da Silva, R.L.; de Souza, A.M.C.; Santos, F.F.; Inoue, S.T.; Higgins, J.; Frak, V. Effects of Excitatory Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation of the P3 Point in Chronic Stroke Patients—Case Reports. Brain Sci. 2018, 8, 78.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Brain Sci. EISSN 2076-3425 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top