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Brain Sci. 2017, 7(12), 159; doi:10.3390/brainsci7120159

Early Detection and Intervention of ASD: A European Overview

1
INICO, Instituto Universitario de Integración en la Comunidad, Universidad de Salamanca, 37005 Salamanca, Spain
2
IRCCS Stella Maris Foundation, 56018 Pisa, Italy
3
IIER, Instituto de Salud Carlos III, 28029 Madrid, Spain
4
Faculty of Psychology, University of Warsaw, Stawki 5/7, 00-183 Warszawa, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 17 October 2017 / Revised: 20 November 2017 / Accepted: 28 November 2017 / Published: 1 December 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Autism Spectrum Disorder: From Etio-Pathology to Treatment)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [1041 KB, uploaded 1 December 2017]   |  

Abstract

Over the last several years there has been an increasing focus on early detection of Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), not only from the scientific field but also from professional associations and public health systems all across Europe. Not surprisingly, in order to offer better services and quality of life for both children with ASD and their families, different screening procedures and tools have been developed for early assessment and intervention. However, current evidence is needed for healthcare providers and policy makers to be able to implement specific measures and increase autism awareness in European communities. The general aim of this review is to address the latest and most relevant issues related to early detection and treatments. The specific objectives are (1) analyse the impact, describing advantages and drawbacks, of screening procedures based on standardized tests, surveillance programmes, or other observational measures; and (2) provide a European framework of early intervention programmes and practices and what has been learnt from implementing them in public or private settings. This analysis is then discussed and best practices are suggested to help professionals, health systems and policy makers to improve their local procedures or to develop new proposals for early detection and intervention programmes. View Full-Text
Keywords: ASD; screening tools; detection; early intervention; Europe ASD; screening tools; detection; early intervention; Europe
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MDPI and ACS Style

Magán-Maganto, M.; Bejarano-Martín, Á.; Fernández-Alvarez, C.; Narzisi, A.; García-Primo, P.; Kawa, R.; Posada, M.; Canal-Bedia, R. Early Detection and Intervention of ASD: A European Overview. Brain Sci. 2017, 7, 159.

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