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Brain Sci. 2017, 7(10), 135; doi:10.3390/brainsci7100135

Analysis of Predictive Factors on Minors’ Mental Health According to the Spanish National Health Survey

1
Department of Psychology, Faculty of Education and Psychology, University of Extremadura, Badajoz 06006, Spain
2
Department of Psychology, Faculty of Teacher Training College, University of Extremadura, Cáceres 10071, Spain
3
Scientific Coordinator R&D Unit Institute of Cognitive Psychology (IPCDHS/FPCE), University of Coimbra, Coimbra 3000-115, Portugal
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 5 September 2017 / Revised: 16 October 2017 / Accepted: 17 October 2017 / Published: 21 October 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Mental Illness in Children)
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Abstract

Research on minors’ mental health is an increasingly developing area. Given the increased prevalence of disorders, it seems necessary to analyze the factors that can affect poor mental health. This study analyzes the influence of occupational class, educational level, age, sex and perceived mental health of Spanish children, which is measured through the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire. The sample consists of 3599 minors between 4 and 14 years old, who were interviewed through the Spanish National Health Survey 2011. Our results indicating the significant (p < 0.05) relationship between mental health, occupational class (OR 0.533) and minors’ health in the last year (OR 0.313) are shown. However, gender (OR 1.187) and educational level of Pre-School Education in relation to Secondary Education (OR 1.174) and Primary Education (OR 0.996) do not generate significant differences. In conclusion, we consider it necessary to design and implement public policies aimed at improving the care system for children who have had poor or regular health in the last year, and whose parents are positioned in the lowest part of the occupational scale. View Full-Text
Keywords: mental health; child welfare; social class; health promotion mental health; child welfare; social class; health promotion
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Fajardo-Bullón, F.; Rasskin-Gutman, I.; Felipe-Castaño, E.; Ribeiro dos Santos, E.J.; León-del Barco, B. Analysis of Predictive Factors on Minors’ Mental Health According to the Spanish National Health Survey. Brain Sci. 2017, 7, 135.

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