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Brain Sci. 2015, 5(1), 32-57; doi:10.3390/brainsci5010032

Multisensory Integration and Child Neurodevelopment

1
Sainte-Justine University Hospital Research Center, Montreal H3T1C5, QC, Canada
2
Centre de Recherche en Neuropsychologie et Cognition (CERNEC), Departement of Psychology, University of Montreal, C.P. 6128, Montreal H3C3J7, QC, Canada
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Scott Adler
Received: 6 September 2014 / Accepted: 27 January 2015 / Published: 11 February 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Cognition in Infants)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [132 KB, uploaded 11 February 2015]

Abstract

A considerable number of cognitive processes depend on the integration of multisensory information. The brain integrates this information, providing a complete representation of our surrounding world and giving us the ability to react optimally to the environment. Infancy is a period of great changes in brain structure and function that are reflected by the increase of processing capacities of the developing child. However, it is unclear if the optimal use of multisensory information is present early in childhood or develops only later, with experience. The first part of this review has focused on the typical development of multisensory integration (MSI). We have described the two hypotheses on the developmental process of MSI in neurotypical infants and children, and have introduced MSI and its neuroanatomic correlates. The second section has discussed the neurodevelopmental trajectory of MSI in cognitively-challenged infants and children. A few studies have brought to light various difficulties to integrate sensory information in children with a neurodevelopmental disorder. Consequently, we have exposed certain possible neurophysiological relationships between MSI deficits and neurodevelopmental disorders, especially dyslexia and attention deficit disorder with/without hyperactivity. View Full-Text
Keywords: infancy; multisensory integration; neurodevelopment; cognition; developmental dyslexia; attention deficit disorder with/without hyperactivity infancy; multisensory integration; neurodevelopment; cognition; developmental dyslexia; attention deficit disorder with/without hyperactivity
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Dionne-Dostie, E.; Paquette, N.; Lassonde, M.; Gallagher, A. Multisensory Integration and Child Neurodevelopment. Brain Sci. 2015, 5, 32-57.

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