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Appl. Sci. 2018, 8(8), 1328; https://doi.org/10.3390/app8081328

All-Dielectric Metasurfaces with High-Fluorescence-Enhancing Capability

National Institute for Materials Science (NIMS), 1-1 Namiki, Tsukuba 305-0044, Japan
Received: 10 July 2018 / Revised: 7 August 2018 / Accepted: 7 August 2018 / Published: 9 August 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Photonic Metamaterials)
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Abstract

All-dielectric metasurfaces are an emerging subfield in photonics. Light-wave manipulation has been extensively explored in these metasurfaces. Although light–matter interaction has also been investigated in these metasurfaces, only a limited number of studies have been reported to date. Here, we employ Si-rod-array metasurfaces to examine their fluorescence-enhancing capability. They were designed to have prominent resonances at the working wavelengths of fluorescent molecules. As a result, we experimentally observed significant fluorescence intensity enhancement, exceeding 1000-fold for a reference substrate that was a non-enhancing, flat Si wafer. Thus, we conclude that the all-dielectric metasurfaces can potentially serve as highly fluorescence-enhancing platforms. Their performance is comparable to the best performance reported for metallic metasurfaces. These results strongly suggest that all-dielectric metasurfaces can contribute to fluorescence-sensing of diverse molecules, including biomolecules. View Full-Text
Keywords: all-dielectric metasurface; Mie resonance; guided resonance; fluorescence enhancement all-dielectric metasurface; Mie resonance; guided resonance; fluorescence enhancement
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Iwanaga, M. All-Dielectric Metasurfaces with High-Fluorescence-Enhancing Capability. Appl. Sci. 2018, 8, 1328.

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