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Appl. Sci. 2018, 8(8), 1272; https://doi.org/10.3390/app8081272

Quantitative Analysis of Micron-Scale and Nano-Scale Pore Throat Characteristics of Tight Sandstone Using Matlab

1,2,3
,
1,2,3,* , 1,2,3
,
1,2,3
and
1,2,3
1
School of Energy Resources, China University of Geosciences, Beijing 100083, China
2
Key Laboratory for Marine Reservoir Evolution and Hydrocarbon Abundance Mechanism, China University of Geosciences, Beijing 100083, China
3
Beijing Key Laboratory of Unconventional National Gas Geology Evaluation and Development Engineering, China University of Geosciences, Beijing 100083, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 5 July 2018 / Revised: 22 July 2018 / Accepted: 25 July 2018 / Published: 1 August 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nanotech for Oil and Gas)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [5875 KB, uploaded 1 August 2018]   |  

Abstract

Based on micro-scale casting thin sections, nano-scale SEM images, and the pore distribution map identified through a binary image in Matlab, the pore size distribution and pore throat coordination number of the strata of Upper Paleozoic He8 section tight sandstone in the southeastern Ordos Basin were quantitatively analyzed with the above experimental data. In combination with a high-pressure mercury injection experiment, the pore throat distribution, the pore throat ratio, and the relationships between the characteristics, parameters, and pore permeability were investigated clearly. The results show that the tight sandstone pore space in the study area is dominated by micron-sized intergranular pores, dissolved pores, and intragranular pores. The nano-scale pore throat consisted of clay minerals, intercrystalline pores, and the flake intergranular pores of overgrowth quartz grains. Kaolinite and illite intercrystalline pores occupy the pore space below 600 nm, while the ones above 800 nm are mainly dominated by the intergranular pores of overgrowth quartz grains, and the 600–800 nm ones are transitional zones. The permeability of tight sandstone increases with the average pore throat radius, sorting coefficient, median pore throat radius, and average pore throat number. The porosity is positively correlated with the average pore radius and the average pore throat coordination number, and negatively correlated with the median pore throat radius. View Full-Text
Keywords: Ordos Basin; tight sandstone; pore throat structure; Matlab; quantitative analysis; porosity and permeability Ordos Basin; tight sandstone; pore throat structure; Matlab; quantitative analysis; porosity and permeability
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Jiu, B.; Huang, W.; He, M.; Lv, C.; Liang, F. Quantitative Analysis of Micron-Scale and Nano-Scale Pore Throat Characteristics of Tight Sandstone Using Matlab. Appl. Sci. 2018, 8, 1272.

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