Applying Deep Neural Network (DNN) for Robust Indoor Localization in Multi-Building Environment
AbstractIn the Internet of Things (IoT) era, indoor localization plays a vital role in academia and industry. Wi-Fi is a promising scheme for indoor localization as it is easy and free of charge, even for private networks. However, Wi-Fi has signal fluctuation problems because of dynamic changes of environments and shadowing effects. In this paper, we propose to use a deep neural network (DNN) to achieve accurate localization in Wi-Fi environments. In the localization process, we primarily construct a database having all reachable received signal strengths (RSSs), and basic service set identifiers (BSSIDs). Secondly, we fill the missed RSS values using regression, and then apply linear discriminant analysis (LDA) to reduce features. Thirdly, the 5-BSSIDs having the strongest RSS values are appended with reduced RSS vector. Finally, a DNN is applied for localizing Wi-Fi users. The proposed system is evaluated in the classification and regression schemes using the python programming language. The results show that 99.15% of the localization accuracy is correctly classified. Moreover, the coordinate-based localization provides 50%, 75%, and 93.10% accuracies for errors less than 0.50 m, 0.75 m, and 0.90 m respectively. The proposed method is compared with other algorithms, and our method provides motivated results. The simulation results also show that the proposed method can robustly localize Wi-Fi users in hierarchical and complex wireless environments. View Full-Text
Share & Cite This Article
Adege, A.B.; Lin, H.-P.; Tarekegn, G.B.; Jeng, S.-S. Applying Deep Neural Network (DNN) for Robust Indoor Localization in Multi-Building Environment. Appl. Sci. 2018, 8, 1062.
Adege AB, Lin H-P, Tarekegn GB, Jeng S-S. Applying Deep Neural Network (DNN) for Robust Indoor Localization in Multi-Building Environment. Applied Sciences. 2018; 8(7):1062.Chicago/Turabian Style
Adege, Abebe B.; Lin, Hsin-Piao; Tarekegn, Getaneh B.; Jeng, Shiann-Shiun. 2018. "Applying Deep Neural Network (DNN) for Robust Indoor Localization in Multi-Building Environment." Appl. Sci. 8, no. 7: 1062.
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.