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Appl. Sci. 2018, 8(2), 259; https://doi.org/10.3390/app8020259

Metal Carbides for Biomass Valorization

1
Institut pour la Maîtrise de l’Énergie, Université d’Antananarivo, BP 566, Antananarivo 101, Madagascar
2
Dipartimento di Chimica, Università degli Studi di Milano, via Golgi 19, 20133 Milano, Italy
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 18 January 2018 / Revised: 7 February 2018 / Accepted: 7 February 2018 / Published: 9 February 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Chemistry)
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Abstract

Transition metal carbides have been utilized as an alternative catalyst to expensive noble metals for the conversion of biomass. Tungsten and molybdenum carbides have been shown to be effective catalysts for hydrogenation, hydrodeoxygenation and isomerization reactions. The satisfactory activities of these metal carbides and their low costs, compared with noble metals, make them appealing alternatives and worthy of further investigation. In this review, we succinctly describe common synthesis techniques, including temperature-programmed reaction and carbothermal hydrogen reduction, utilized to prepare metal carbides used for biomass transformation. Attention will be focused, successively, on the application of transition metal carbide catalysts in the transformation of first-generation (oils) and second-generation (lignocellulose) biomass to biofuels and fine chemicals. View Full-Text
Keywords: transition metal carbides; biomass; hydrodeoxygenation; hydrogenation; isomerization transition metal carbides; biomass; hydrodeoxygenation; hydrogenation; isomerization
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Chan-Thaw, C.E.; Villa, A. Metal Carbides for Biomass Valorization. Appl. Sci. 2018, 8, 259.

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