Hybrid Locomotion Evaluation for a Novel Amphibious Spherical Robot
AbstractWe describe the novel, multiply gaited, vectored water-jet, hybrid locomotion-capable, amphibious spherical robot III (termed ASR-III) featuring a wheel-legged, water-jet composite driving system incorporating a lifting and supporting wheel mechanism (LSWM) and mechanical legs with a water-jet thruster. The LSWM allows the ASR-III to support the body and slide flexibly on smooth (flat) terrain. The composite driving system facilitates two on-land locomotion modes (sliding and walking) and underwater locomotion mode with vectored thrusters, improving adaptability to the amphibious environment. Sliding locomotion improves the stability and maneuverability of ASR-III on smooth flat terrain, whereas walking locomotion allows ASR-III to conquer rough terrain. We used both forward and reverse kinematic models to evaluate the walking and sliding gait efficiency. The robot can also realize underwater locomotion with four vectored water-jet thrusters, and is capable of forward motion, heading angle control and depth control. We evaluated LSWM efficiency and the sliding velocities associated with varying extensions of the LSWM. To explore gait stability and mobility, we performed on-land experiments on smooth flat terrain to define the optimal stride length and frequency. We also evaluated the efficacy of waypoint tracking when the sliding gait was employed, using a closed-loop proportional-integral-derivative (PID) control mechanism. Moreover, experiments of forward locomotion, heading angle control and depth control were conducted to verify the underwater performance of ASR-III. Comparison of the previous robot and ASR-III demonstrated the ASR-III had better amphibious motion performance. View Full-Text
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Xing, H.; Guo, S.; Shi, L.; He, Y.; Su, S.; Chen, Z.; Hou, X. Hybrid Locomotion Evaluation for a Novel Amphibious Spherical Robot. Appl. Sci. 2018, 8, 156.
Xing H, Guo S, Shi L, He Y, Su S, Chen Z, Hou X. Hybrid Locomotion Evaluation for a Novel Amphibious Spherical Robot. Applied Sciences. 2018; 8(2):156.Chicago/Turabian Style
Xing, Huiming; Guo, Shuxiang; Shi, Liwei; He, Yanlin; Su, Shuxiang; Chen, Zhan; Hou, Xihuan. 2018. "Hybrid Locomotion Evaluation for a Novel Amphibious Spherical Robot." Appl. Sci. 8, no. 2: 156.
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