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Appl. Sci. 2017, 7(9), 952; doi:10.3390/app7090952

Study on the High Temperature Interfacial Stability of Ti/Mo/Yb0.3Co4Sb12 Thermoelectric Joints

State Key Laboratory of High Performance Ceramics and Superfine Microstructure, Shanghai Institute of Ceramics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 1295 Dingxi Road, Shanghai 200050, China
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Received: 31 August 2017 / Revised: 12 September 2017 / Accepted: 13 September 2017 / Published: 15 September 2017
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Abstract

To improve the interfacial stability at high temperatures, n-type skutterudite (SKD) thermoelectric joints with sandwich structures of Ti/Mo/Yb0.3Co4Sb12 were successfully designed and fabricated. In this structure, Mo and Ti were introduced as the barrier layer with the goal of suppressing the interfacial diffusion and the buffer layer with the goal of enhancing the bonding strength, respectively. To evaluate the high temperature interfacial behavior of the Ti/Mo/Yb0.3Co4Sb12 joints, thermal shocking between 0 °C and 600 °C and isothermal aging at a temperature range of 550 °C to 650 °C were carried out in vacuum. During the isothermal aging process, Ti penetrates across the Mo layer, and finally diffuses into the Yb0.3Co4Sb12 matrix. By increasing the isothermal aging time, Ti continuously diffuses and reacts with the elements of Sb and Co in the matrix, consequently forming the multilayer-structured intermetallic compounds of Ti3Sb/Ti2Sb/TiCoSb. Diffusion kinetics was investigated and it was found that the interfacial evolution of the Ti/Mo/Yb0.3Co4Sb12 joints was a diffusion-controlling process. During the diffusion process, the formed Mo-Ti buffer layer acts as a damper, which greatly decelerates the diffusion of Ti towards the Yb0.3Co4Sb12 matrix at high temperatures. Meanwhile, it was found that the increase in the contact resistivity of the joints mainly derives from the inter-diffusion between Ti and Yb0.3Co4Sb12. As a result, the Ti/Mo/Yb0.3Co4Sb12 joint demonstrates the excellent stability of the interfacial contact resistivity. Service life prediction was made based on the stability of the contact resistivity, and it was found that the Ti/Mo/Yb0.3Co4Sb12 joint is qualified for practical applications at 550 °C. View Full-Text
Keywords: thermoelectric joint; skutterudite; diffusion kinetics; contact resistivity; service life prediction thermoelectric joint; skutterudite; diffusion kinetics; contact resistivity; service life prediction
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Gu, M.; Bai, S.; Xia, X.; Huang, X.; Li, X.; Shi, X.; Chen, L. Study on the High Temperature Interfacial Stability of Ti/Mo/Yb0.3Co4Sb12 Thermoelectric Joints. Appl. Sci. 2017, 7, 952.

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