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Appl. Sci. 2017, 7(9), 931; doi:10.3390/app7090931

Changes in Pore Structure of Coal Associated with Sc-CO2 Extraction during CO2-ECBM

1
Key Laboratory of Coal-based CO2 Capture & Geological Storage, Low Carbon Energy Institute, China University of Mining and Technology, Xuzhou 221008, China
2
Key Laboratory of Coalbed Methane Resource & Reservoir Formation History, School of Resource and Geoscience, China University of Mining and Technology, Xuzhou 221008, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 21 August 2017 / Revised: 5 September 2017 / Accepted: 7 September 2017 / Published: 10 September 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue The Applications of Supercritical Carbon Dioxide)
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Abstract

Supercritical CO2 (Sc-CO2), a supercritical solvent, can extract small organic molecules (fluid) from coal, changing pore structures to affect gases storage and migration in the coal matrix. Five undeformed coals before and after the second coalification jump were collected to simulate Sc-CO2 extraction performed with supercritical extraction equipment. Pore structures of the samples before and after Sc-CO2 extraction were characterized using mercury porosimetry. The results show that there are significant changes in pore size distribution of samples. ΔVMa and ΔVMe of coal samples are positive, ΔVTr and ΔVMi are positive for most coals, and ΔVMi of higher coals are negative; the ΔSMa and ΔSMe are positive with small values, the ΔSTr and ΔSMi are positive and negative before and after the second coalification jump; thus, the pore connectivity is improved. These results indicate that Sc-CO2 extraction not only increases the numbers of micropores, but also enlarges the pore diameter size; these changes in the pore structure are influenced by the second coalification. The changes in the pore structure by Sc-CO2 extraction provide more spaces for gas storage and may improve the pore throats for gas migration. View Full-Text
Keywords: coal; CO2 sequestration; ECBM; supercritical extraction; pore distribution coal; CO2 sequestration; ECBM; supercritical extraction; pore distribution
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Chen, R.; Qin, Y.; Wei, C.; Wang, L.; Wang, Y.; Zhang, P. Changes in Pore Structure of Coal Associated with Sc-CO2 Extraction during CO2-ECBM. Appl. Sci. 2017, 7, 931.

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