Assessment of Sustainability Indicators for Biodiesel Production
AbstractBiodiesel production may provide a sustainable route to reduce environmental pollution caused by fossil fuel consumption. In order to minimize environmental impacts of biodiesel production, the chemical process should be optimized to minimize waste generation and energy consumption. Therefore, it is important to design biodiesel chemical reactions and processes using green chemistry and green engineering principles to develop sustainable chemical processes. This study provides the results of the synergistic effect of microwave and ultrasound irradiations to produce biodiesel using ethanol or methanol as the alcohol donor. The biodiesel yields are presented along with their respective green metrics, such as atom economy, environmental factor (E-factor), atom economy (utilization) or atomic efficiency, mass intensity, reaction mass efficiency, atom utilization, and stoichiometric factor. These green metrics are crucial to determine the sustainability and environmental impact of biodiesel production. Evaluation of these green metrics indicates that methanol is a better alternative for biodiesel production provided it is derived from renewable sources. Sustainability indicator concepts used for biodiesel production in this study can be applied to various biofuels and other chemical reaction designs, synthesis and process development. View Full-Text
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Martinez-Guerra, E.; Gude, V.G. Assessment of Sustainability Indicators for Biodiesel Production. Appl. Sci. 2017, 7, 869.
Martinez-Guerra E, Gude VG. Assessment of Sustainability Indicators for Biodiesel Production. Applied Sciences. 2017; 7(9):869.Chicago/Turabian Style
Martinez-Guerra, Edith; Gude, Veera G. 2017. "Assessment of Sustainability Indicators for Biodiesel Production." Appl. Sci. 7, no. 9: 869.
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