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Appl. Sci. 2017, 7(8), 864; doi:10.3390/app7080864

Characterizing Flow-Induced Vibrations of Fuel Assemblies for Future Liquid Metal Cooled Nuclear Reactors Using Quasi-Distributed Fibre-Optic Sensors

1
Department of Applied Physics and Photonics (TONA), Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Brussels Photonics (B-PHOT), Pleinlaan 2, 1050 Brussels, Belgium
2
Flanders Make, Oude Diestersebaan 133, 3920 Lommel, Belgium
3
Belgian Nuclear Research Centre (SCK•CEN), Boeretang 200, 2400 Mol, Belgium
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 1 August 2017 / Revised: 16 August 2017 / Accepted: 19 August 2017 / Published: 22 August 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Distributed Optical Fiber Sensors)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [5589 KB, uploaded 23 August 2017]   |  

Abstract

Excessive vibration of nuclear reactor components, such as the heat exchanger or the fuel assembly should be avoided as these can compromise the lifetime of these components and potentially lead to safety hazards. This issue is particularly relevant to new reactor designs that use liquid metal coolants. However, identifying adequate sensors or techniques that can be successfully applied to record the vibrations of the components in a flow of liquid metal at elevated temperatures is very challenging. In this paper, we demonstrate the precise measurements of the vibrations of a very representative mock-up of a fuel assembly in a lead-bismuth eutectic cooled installation using quasi-distributed fibre Bragg grating (FBG) based sensors. The unique properties of these sensors, in combination with a dedicated integration and mounting approach, allows for accounting of the severe geometrical constraints and allows characterizing the vibration of the fuel assembly elements under nominal operation conditions. To that aim, we instrumented a single fuel pin within the fuel assembly with 84 FBGs, and conducted spectral measurements with an acquisition rate of up to 5000 measurements per second, enabling the monitoring of local strains of a few με. These measurements provide the information required to assess vibration-related safety hazards. View Full-Text
Keywords: fibre Bragg gratings; vibrations; SHM; experiments; fluid-structure interaction; harsh environments; high temperature fibre Bragg gratings; vibrations; SHM; experiments; fluid-structure interaction; harsh environments; high temperature
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MDPI and ACS Style

Pauw, B.D.; Kennedy, G.; Tichelen, K.V.; Geernaert, T.; Thienpont, H.; Berghmans, F. Characterizing Flow-Induced Vibrations of Fuel Assemblies for Future Liquid Metal Cooled Nuclear Reactors Using Quasi-Distributed Fibre-Optic Sensors. Appl. Sci. 2017, 7, 864.

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