Potential Model Overfitting in Predicting Soil Carbon Content by Visible and Near-Infrared Spectroscopy
AbstractSoil spectroscopy is known as a rapid and cost-effective method for predicting soil properties from spectral data. The objective of this work was to build a statistical model to predict soil carbon content from spectral data by partial least squares regression using a limited number of soil samples. Soil samples were collected from two soil orders (Andisol and Ultisol), where the dominant land cover is native Nothofagus forest. Total carbon was analyzed in the laboratory and samples were scanned using a spectroradiometer. We found evidence that the reflectance was influenced by soil carbon content, which is consistent with the literature. However, the reflectance was not useful for building an appropriate regression model. Thus, we report here intriguing results obtained in the calibration process that can be confusing and misinterpreted. For instance, using the Savitzky–Golay filter for pre-processing spectral data, we obtained R2 = 0.82 and root-mean-squared error (RMSE) = 0.61% in model calibration. However, despite these values being comparable with those of other similar studies, in the cross-validation procedure, the data showed an unusual behavior that leads to the conclusion that the model overfits the data. This indicates that the model should not be used on unobserved data. View Full-Text
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Reyna, L.; Dube, F.; Barrera, J.A.; Zagal, E. Potential Model Overfitting in Predicting Soil Carbon Content by Visible and Near-Infrared Spectroscopy. Appl. Sci. 2017, 7, 708.
Reyna L, Dube F, Barrera JA, Zagal E. Potential Model Overfitting in Predicting Soil Carbon Content by Visible and Near-Infrared Spectroscopy. Applied Sciences. 2017; 7(7):708.Chicago/Turabian Style
Reyna, Lizardo; Dube, Francis; Barrera, Juan A.; Zagal, Erick. 2017. "Potential Model Overfitting in Predicting Soil Carbon Content by Visible and Near-Infrared Spectroscopy." Appl. Sci. 7, no. 7: 708.
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