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Appl. Sci. 2017, 7(7), 665; doi:10.3390/app7070665

Barriers and Chemistry in a Bottle: Mechanisms in Today’s Oxygen Barriers for Tomorrow’s Materials

1
Centre for Surface Chemistry and Catalysis, KU Leuven, 3001 Heverlee, Belgium
2
Soft Matter, Rheology and Technology, KU Leuven, 3001 Heverlee, Belgium
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 3 June 2017 / Revised: 20 June 2017 / Accepted: 21 June 2017 / Published: 28 June 2017
(This article belongs to the Section Materials)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [2714 KB, uploaded 29 June 2017]   |  

Abstract

The stability of many organic compounds is challenged by oxidation reactions with molecular oxygen from the air in accordance with thermodynamics. Whereas glass or metal containers may protect such products, these packaging types also offer severe disadvantages over plastics. Large-scale packaging, especially for food and beverage industries, has shifted towards polymeric materials with passive and active oxygen barrier technologies over the last decades. Even though patent literature is flooded with innovative barrier systems, the mechanisms behind them are rarely reported. In a world where packaging requirements regarding recyclability and safety are continuously getting stricter, accompanied by the appearance of emerging applications for plastic oxygen barriers (such as organic semi-conductors), research towards new materials seems inevitable. To this cause, proper in-depth knowledge of the existing solutions is a prerequisite. This review therefore attempts to go deep into the problems at hand and explain the chemistry behind the existing solution strategies and finally discusses perspectives suggesting new applications such as organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs) and solar cells. View Full-Text
Keywords: oxygen barrier; oxygen scavenger; packaging; poly(ethylene terephthalate); organic electronics oxygen barrier; oxygen scavenger; packaging; poly(ethylene terephthalate); organic electronics
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Michiels, Y.; Puyvelde, P.V.; Sels, B. Barriers and Chemistry in a Bottle: Mechanisms in Today’s Oxygen Barriers for Tomorrow’s Materials. Appl. Sci. 2017, 7, 665.

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