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Appl. Sci. 2017, 7(7), 661; doi:10.3390/app7070661

Double-Sided Terahertz Imaging of Multilayered Glass Fiber-Reinforced Polymer

Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Faculty of Electrical Engineering, West Pomeranian University of Technology, 70-310 Szczecin, Poland
Received: 8 June 2017 / Revised: 20 June 2017 / Accepted: 21 June 2017 / Published: 27 June 2017
(This article belongs to the Section Materials)
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Abstract

Polymer matrix composites (PMC) play important roles in modern industry. Increasing the number of such structures in aerospace, construction, and automotive applications enforces continuous monitoring of their condition. Nondestructive inspection of layered composite materials is much more complicated process than evaluation of homogenous, (mostly metallic) structures. Several nondestructive methods are utilized in this case (ultrasonics, shearography, tap testing, acoustic emission, digital radiography, infrared imaging) but none of them gives full description of evaluated structures. Thus, further development of NDT techniques should be studied. A pulsed terahertz method seems to be a good candidate for layered PMC inspection. It is based on picosecond electromagnetic pulses interacting with the evaluated structure. Differences of dielectric parameters enables detection of a particular layer in a layered material. In the case of multilayered structures, only layers close to surface can be detected. The response of deeper ones is averaged because of multiple reflections. In this paper a novel inspection procedure with a data processing algorithm is introduced. It is based on a double-sided measurement, acquired signal deconvolution, and data combining. In order to verify the application of the algorithm stress-subjected glass fiber-reinforced polymer (GFRP) was evaluated. The obtained results enabled detection and detailed analysis of delaminations introduced by stress treatment and proved the applicability of the proposed algorithm. View Full-Text
Keywords: nondestructive testing (NDT); terahertz imaging; composite materials; multilayered structures; deconvolution nondestructive testing (NDT); terahertz imaging; composite materials; multilayered structures; deconvolution
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Lopato, P. Double-Sided Terahertz Imaging of Multilayered Glass Fiber-Reinforced Polymer. Appl. Sci. 2017, 7, 661.

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