Fractal Prediction of Grouting Volume for Treating Karst Caverns along a Shield Tunneling Alignment
AbstractKarst geology is common in China, and buried karst formations are widely distributed in Guangdong province. In the process of shield tunneling, the abundant water resources present in karst caverns could lead to the potential for high water ingress, and a subsequent in situ stress change-induced stratum collapse. The development and distribution of karst caverns should therefore be identified and investigated prior to shield tunnel construction. Grouting is an efficient measure to stabilize karst caverns. The total volume of karst caverns along the shield tunneling alignment, and its relationship with the required volume of grouts, should be evaluated in the preliminary design phase. Conventionally, the total volume of karst caverns is empirically estimated based on limited geological drilling hole data; however, accurate results are rarely obtained. This study investigates the hydrogeology and engineering geology of Guangzhou, the capital of Guangdong province, and determines the fractal characteristics of the karst caverns along the tunnel section of Guangzhou metro line no. 9. The karst grouting coefficients (VR) were found to vary from 0.11 in the case of inadequate drilling holes to 1.1 in the case where adequate drilling holes are provided. A grouting design guideline was furthermore developed in this study for future projects in karst areas. View Full-Text
Share & Cite This Article
Cheng, W.-C.; Cui, Q.-L.; Shen, J.S.-L.; Arulrajah, A.; Yuan, D.-J. Fractal Prediction of Grouting Volume for Treating Karst Caverns along a Shield Tunneling Alignment. Appl. Sci. 2017, 7, 652.
Cheng W-C, Cui Q-L, Shen JS-L, Arulrajah A, Yuan D-J. Fractal Prediction of Grouting Volume for Treating Karst Caverns along a Shield Tunneling Alignment. Applied Sciences. 2017; 7(7):652.Chicago/Turabian Style
Cheng, Wen-Chieh; Cui, Qing-Long; Shen, Jack S.-L.; Arulrajah, Arul; Yuan, Da-Jun. 2017. "Fractal Prediction of Grouting Volume for Treating Karst Caverns along a Shield Tunneling Alignment." Appl. Sci. 7, no. 7: 652.
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.