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Appl. Sci. 2017, 7(5), 527; doi:10.3390/app7050527

Application of Pulsed Laser-TIG Hybrid Heat Source in Root Welding of Thick Plate Titanium Alloys

Key Laboratory of Liaoning Advanced Welding and Joining Technology, School of Materials Science and Engineering, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116024, China
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Stanislaw M. Dubiel
Received: 17 March 2017 / Revised: 23 April 2017 / Accepted: 26 April 2017 / Published: 18 May 2017
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Laser-TIG (tungsten inert gas) hybrid welding process is applied to produce stable back beads in the first layer during one-side multilayer welding. To explain why stable back beads can be formed, a comparison is conducted between single TIG and laser-TIG hybrid welding. Results indicate that during laser action the arc column is enhanced and deflected to the keyhole, which changes the spatial distribution of plasma by strong attraction. The keyhole plasma possesses extreme electric conductivity. After laser action, the enhanced arc is restituted, the low energy density arc acts on the molten pool, and the bottom of the molten pool is solidified to prevent its collapse. The heat and force are redistributed over the top of molten pool under the alternative action of the enhanced arc and original arc. In this case the thermal distribution and mechanical situation in the molten pool must be more balanced and reasonable, and the back bead appearance is continuous, stable and uniform. This process gives high quality and efficient root welding of the thick plate. View Full-Text
Keywords: laser-TIG hybrid welding; root welding; deflected arc; alternative action laser-TIG hybrid welding; root welding; deflected arc; alternative action

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Shi, J.; Zhou, Y.; Liu, L. Application of Pulsed Laser-TIG Hybrid Heat Source in Root Welding of Thick Plate Titanium Alloys. Appl. Sci. 2017, 7, 527.

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