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Appl. Sci. 2017, 7(5), 489; doi:10.3390/app7050489

Mechanical Performance Monitoring for Prestressed Concrete Piles Used in a Newly-Built High-Piled Wharf in a Harbor with Fiber Bragg Grating Sensor Technology When Pile Driving

1
Tianjin Research Institute for Water Transport Engineering, National Engineering Laboratory for Port Hydraulic Construction Technology, Tianjin 300456, China
2
Faculty of Infrastructure Engineering, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116024, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Stefano Invernizzi
Received: 24 March 2017 / Revised: 20 April 2017 / Accepted: 26 April 2017 / Published: 10 May 2017
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Abstract

Mechanical performance monitoring of civil infrastructure using fiber Bragg grating (FBG) sensors has received significant public attention in recent years. However, there is currently little research on the mechanical performance monitoring of piles used in high-piled wharfs in coastal ports during pile driving using the FBG sensor technique. Based on the properties of precast prestressed concrete piles used in high-piled wharfs in coastal ports and servicing seawater environments, and the benefits of FBG sensors, the mechanical performance monitoring for precast prestressed concrete piles used in a newly-built high-piled wharf in the Tianjin Port of China is devised and deployed with the FBG sensor technique. To conduct performance monitoring of the precast prestressed concrete pile, a state-of-the-art FBG strain sensor, which is less thermosensitive and does not require temperature compensation, was used to monitor the strain status of different locations of the pile. In one pile, three of this kind of strain sensor were set near the head, middle and tip of the pile, and one FBG angle sensor was set near the head of the pile to measure the dip angle of the pile. During the testing, data were recorded for all of the details of the pile driving process. According to the data analysis, it is clear that the compressive strain at the middle of the pile during driving is larger than that near the head and tip of the pile. Therefore, the middle of the prestressed concrete pile is the key location that should be preferentially monitored during pile driving. Meanwhile, when the hammer impacts the pile continuously, the obvious tension strain at the tip of the pile increases and the maximum dynamic tension strain reaches 56 με, which approaches the tension ultimate strain. This occurs because the frictional resistance of soil is small in the middle of the pile when the tip meets the significant supporting soil layer. This study can provide a reference for the mechanical performance monitoring deployment of precast prestressed concrete piles used in high-piled wharf structures in coastal ports. View Full-Text
Keywords: pile-driving monitoring; high-piled wharf; FBG; strain; prestressed concrete pile pile-driving monitoring; high-piled wharf; FBG; strain; prestressed concrete pile
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Liu, H.; Zhang, Q.; Ren, L. Mechanical Performance Monitoring for Prestressed Concrete Piles Used in a Newly-Built High-Piled Wharf in a Harbor with Fiber Bragg Grating Sensor Technology When Pile Driving. Appl. Sci. 2017, 7, 489.

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