Experimental Investigation on Soft Galloping and Hard Galloping of Triangular Prisms
AbstractThe studies currently on soft galloping (SG) and hard galloping (HG) are scarce. In this study, SG and HG of spring-mounted triangular prisms in a water channel are investigated experimentally. A power take-off system (PTO), a spring system, additional weights, and different triangular prisms were used to achieve the variations in damping coefficient c, system stiffness K, oscillation mass m and section aspect ratios α, respectively. The present paper proves that the VIV (vortex-induced vibration) lower branch can be observed in the SG response. In SG response, VIV branches are incomplete while the galloping branch is complete, and galloping can be self-initiated only in the self-excited region. On the contrary, in HG response, VIV branches are complete, the galloping branch is incomplete, and galloping can only be initiated by external excitation at a velocity exceeding the critical velocity. As c and m increase, or K and α decrease, the oscillation mode of a triangular prism gradually transitions from SG to CG (critical galloping), and continues to HG. The amplitude in VIV branch is the main reason causing the onset of galloping in SG response. A critical damping coefficient cc, which is dependent on m, K and α, is proposed to predict the occurrences of SG, CG and HG. When c < cc, SG occurs; when c > cc, HG occurs; when c = cc, CG occurs. View Full-Text
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Lian, J.; Yan, X.; Liu, F.; Zhang, J.; Ren, Q.; Yang, X. Experimental Investigation on Soft Galloping and Hard Galloping of Triangular Prisms. Appl. Sci. 2017, 7, 198.
Lian J, Yan X, Liu F, Zhang J, Ren Q, Yang X. Experimental Investigation on Soft Galloping and Hard Galloping of Triangular Prisms. Applied Sciences. 2017; 7(2):198.Chicago/Turabian Style
Lian, Jijian; Yan, Xiang; Liu, Fang; Zhang, Jun; Ren, Quanchao; Yang, Xu. 2017. "Experimental Investigation on Soft Galloping and Hard Galloping of Triangular Prisms." Appl. Sci. 7, no. 2: 198.