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Appl. Sci. 2017, 7(2), 190; doi:10.3390/app7020190

Design and Cooling Performances of an Air Conditioning System with Two Parallel Refrigeration Cycles for a Special Purpose Vehicle

Lee Department of Mechanical Engineering, Dong-A University, Busan 604-714, Korea
Received: 7 December 2016 / Accepted: 13 February 2017 / Published: 15 February 2017
(This article belongs to the Section Energy)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [1363 KB, uploaded 16 February 2017]   |  

Abstract

The objective of this study is to design and briefly investigate the cooling performances of an air conditioning system for a special purpose vehicle under various experimental conditions. An air conditioning system with two parallel refrigeration cycles consisting of two compressors and two condensers for satisfying the required cooling performance of the special purpose vehicle was tested under extremely hot weather conditions and high thermal load conditions and then optimized by varying the refrigerant charge amount. The optimum refrigerant charge amount of the tested air conditioning system was 1200 g with the consideration of the cooling speed and cooling capacity. The indoor temperatures of the suggested air conditioning system at the refrigerant charge amounts of 1200 g, 1400 g, and 1600 g were 24.7 °C, 25.2 °C, and 26.4 °C, respectively, at the elapsed time of 300 s. The cooling time required to reach a 15.0°C inner temperature in the suggested air conditioning system increased by 13.3% with the decrease of the refrigerant charge amount from 1600 g to 1200 g. The cooling capacity and the coefficient of performance (COP) of the suggested air conditioning system increased by 37.9% and 10.9%, respectively, due to a decrease of the refrigerant charge amount from 1600 g to 1200 g. The observed cooling performance characteristics of the air conditioning system with two parallel refrigeration cycles means it could be suitable for cabin cooling of special purpose vehicles. In addition, the designed special air conditioning system with two parallel refrigeration cycles for a special purpose vehicle was built to ensure a sufficient cooling performance for equipped passengers. View Full-Text
Keywords: cooling speed; coefficient of performance (COP); two parallel refrigeration cycles; R-134a; special purpose vehicle cooling speed; coefficient of performance (COP); two parallel refrigeration cycles; R-134a; special purpose vehicle
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Moo-Yeon. Design and Cooling Performances of an Air Conditioning System with Two Parallel Refrigeration Cycles for a Special Purpose Vehicle. Appl. Sci. 2017, 7, 190.

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