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Appl. Sci. 2017, 7(12), 1312; doi:10.3390/app7121312

Cognitive Routing in Software-Defined Underwater Acoustic Networks

School of Electrical Engineering, University of Ulsan (UOU), Ulsan 680-749, Korea
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 17 November 2017 / Revised: 13 December 2017 / Accepted: 13 December 2017 / Published: 17 December 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Underwater Acoustics, Communications and Information Processing)
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There are two different types of primary users (natural acoustic and artificial acoustic), and there is a long propagation delay for acoustic links in underwater cognitive acoustic networks (UCANs). Thus, the selection of a stable route is one of the key design factors for improving overall network stability, thereby reducing end-to-end delay. Software-defined networking (SDN) is a novel approach that improves network intelligence. To this end, we propose a novel SDN-based routing protocol for UCANs in order to find a stable route between source and destination. A main controller is placed in a surface buoy that is responsible for the global view of the network, whereas local controllers are placed in different autonomous underwater vehicles (AUVs) that are responsible for a localized view of the network. The AUVs have fixed trajectories, and sensor nodes within transmission range of the AUVs serve as gateways to relay the gathered information to the controllers. This is an SDN-based underwater communications scheme whereby two nodes can only communicate when they have a consensus about a common idle channel. To evaluate our proposed scheme, we perform extensive simulations and improve network performance in terms of end-to-end delay, delivery ratio, and overhead. View Full-Text
Keywords: cognitive routing; local controller (LC); main controller (MC); marine mammals; primary user (PU); software-defined networking (SDN); spectrum sensing; underwater cognitive acoustic networks (UCANs) cognitive routing; local controller (LC); main controller (MC); marine mammals; primary user (PU); software-defined networking (SDN); spectrum sensing; underwater cognitive acoustic networks (UCANs)

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Ghafoor, H.; Koo, I. Cognitive Routing in Software-Defined Underwater Acoustic Networks. Appl. Sci. 2017, 7, 1312.

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