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Appl. Sci. 2017, 7(10), 982; doi:10.3390/app7100982

Residual Stress and Deformation Analysis in Butt Welding on 6 mm SUS304 Steel with Jig Constraints Using Gas Metal Arc Welding

Department of Mechanical Engineering, National Kaohsiung University of Applied Sciences, Kaohsiung 80778, Taiwan
Department of Electrical Engineering, Cheng Shiu University, Kaohsiung 83347, Taiwan
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 13 August 2017 / Revised: 20 September 2017 / Accepted: 20 September 2017 / Published: 23 September 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Selected Papers from IEEE ICICE 2017)


This article proposes a novel method for analyzing residual stress and deformation in butt welding on 6 mm SUS304 stainless steel plates, using MSC.MARC, a commercial finite element method software, to find the best location for jig fixtures that will minimize welding deformation. Simulation and experimental studies show that a distance of 100 mm between the jig center and the welding bead center is best for inhibiting welding deformation when the jigs experience downward displacement at 0 mm on the steel plate; the total displacement is only about 1.1 mm in the case of a 300 × 250 × 6 mm SUS304 steel plate. In addition, a numerical model shows that four jigs with pitches of 200 mm can better reduce welding deformation than six jigs with pitches of 100 mm. The largest residual stress after welding occurs around the weld bead center, and the residual stress away from the welding bead center increases gradually when jigs have been applied on the steel plate to prevent deformation. The reaction force of the jigs on the steel plate has no further effect in reducing deformation. We conclude that commercially available jigs can inhibit deformation during the welding process. View Full-Text
Keywords: finite element method; flat position welding; welding deformation; jig finite element method; flat position welding; welding deformation; jig

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Kung, C.-L.; Hung, C.-K.; Hsu, C.-M.; Chen, C.-Y. Residual Stress and Deformation Analysis in Butt Welding on 6 mm SUS304 Steel with Jig Constraints Using Gas Metal Arc Welding. Appl. Sci. 2017, 7, 982.

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