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Appl. Sci. 2017, 7(1), 94; doi:10.3390/app7010094

Piecewise Function Hysteretic Model for Cold-Formed Steel Shear Walls with Reinforced End Studs

School of Civil Engineering, Southeast University, Nanjing 210096, China
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Academic Editor: Zhong Tao
Received: 9 November 2016 / Revised: 10 January 2017 / Accepted: 11 January 2017 / Published: 19 January 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Applications of Thin-Walled Structures)
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Abstract

Cold-formed steel (CFS) shear walls with concrete-filled rectangular steel tube (CFRST) columns as end studs can upgrade the performance of mid-rise CFS structures, such as the vertical bearing capacity, anti-overturning ability, shear strength, and fire resistance properties, thereby enhancing the safety of structures. A theoretical hysteretic model is established according to a previous experimental study. This model is described in a simple mathematical form and takes nonlinearity, pinching, strength, and stiffness deterioration into consideration. It was established in two steps: (1) a discrete coordinate method was proposed to determine the load-displacement skeleton curve of the wall, by which governing deformations and their corresponding loads of the hysteretic loops under different loading cases can be obtained; afterwards; (2) a piecewise function was adopted to capture the hysteretic loop relative to each governing deformation, the hysteretic model of the wall was further established, and additional criteria for the dominant parameters of the model were stated. Finally, the hysteretic model was validated by experimental results from other studies. The results show that elastic lateral stiffness Ke and shear capacity Fp are key factors determining the load-displacement skeleton curve of the wall; hysteretic characteristics of the wall with reinforced end studs can be fully reflected by piecewise function hysteretic model, moreover, the model has intuitional expressions with clear physical interpretations for each parameter, paving the way for predicting the nonlinear dynamic responses of mid-rise CFS structures. View Full-Text
Keywords: CFS structures; CFS shear wall with reinforced end studs; concrete-filled rectangular steel tube columns; hysteretic behavior; hysteretic model CFS structures; CFS shear wall with reinforced end studs; concrete-filled rectangular steel tube columns; hysteretic behavior; hysteretic model
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Ye, J.; Wang, X. Piecewise Function Hysteretic Model for Cold-Formed Steel Shear Walls with Reinforced End Studs. Appl. Sci. 2017, 7, 94.

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