Thermal Stability, Combustion Behavior, and Mechanical Property in a Flame-Retardant Polypropylene System
AbstractIn order to comprehensively improve the strength, toughness, flame retardancy, smoke suppression, and thermal stability of polypropylene (PP), layered double hydroxide (LDH) Ni0.2Mg2.8Al–LDH was synthesized by a coprecipitation method coupled with the microwave-hydrothermal treatment. The X-ray diffraction (XRD), morphology, mechanical, thermal, and fire properties for PP composites containing 1 wt %–20 wt % Ni0.2Mg2.8Al–LDH were investigated. The cone calorimeter tests confirm that the peak heat release rate (pk–HRR) of PP–20%LDH was decreased to 500 kW/m2 from the 1057 kW/m2 of PP. The pk–HRR, average mass loss rate (AMLR) and effective heat of combustion (EHC) analysis indicates that the condensed phase fire retardant mechanism of Ni0.2Mg2.8Al–LDH in the composites. The production rate and mean release yield of CO for composites gradually decrease as Ni0.2Mg2.8Al–LDH increases in the PP matrix. Thermal analysis indicates that the decomposition temperature for PP–5%LDH and PP–10%LDH is 34 °C higher than that of the pure PP. The mechanical tests reveal that the tensile strength of PP–1%LDH is 7.9 MPa higher than that of the pure PP. Furthermore, the elongation at break of PP–10%LDH is 361% higher than PP. In this work, the synthetic LDH Ni0.2Mg2.8Al–LDH can be used as a flame retardant, smoke suppressant, thermal stabilizer, reinforcing, and toughening agent of PP products. View Full-Text
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Wang, L.; Zhang, M.; Zhou, B. Thermal Stability, Combustion Behavior, and Mechanical Property in a Flame-Retardant Polypropylene System. Appl. Sci. 2017, 7, 55.
Wang L, Zhang M, Zhou B. Thermal Stability, Combustion Behavior, and Mechanical Property in a Flame-Retardant Polypropylene System. Applied Sciences. 2017; 7(1):55.Chicago/Turabian Style
Wang, Lili; Zhang, Milin; Zhou, Baibin. 2017. "Thermal Stability, Combustion Behavior, and Mechanical Property in a Flame-Retardant Polypropylene System." Appl. Sci. 7, no. 1: 55.
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