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Appl. Sci. 2016, 6(7), 194; doi:10.3390/app6070194

Thermal Energy Storage for Building Load Management: Application to Electrically Heated Floor

1
Department of Building, Civil & Environmental Engineering, Concordia University, H3G 1M8, Montreal, QC, Canada
2
Laboratoire des technologies de l’énergie d’Hydro-Québec, G9N 7N5, Shawinigan, QC, Canada
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Huey Hoon Hng
Received: 4 March 2016 / Accepted: 23 June 2016 / Published: 11 July 2016
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [2691 KB, uploaded 11 July 2016]   |  

Abstract

In cold climates, electrical power demand for space conditioning becomes a critical issue for utility companies during certain periods of the day. Shifting a portion or all of it to off-peak periods can help reduce peak demand and reduce stress on the electrical grid. Sensible thermal energy storage (TES) systems, and particularly electrically heated floors (EHF), can store thermal energy in buildings during the off-peak periods and release it during the peak periods while maintaining occupants’ thermal comfort. However, choosing the type of storage system and/or its configuration may be difficult. In this paper, the performance of an EHF for load management is studied. First, a methodology is developed to integrate EHF in TRNSYS program in order to investigate the impact of floor assembly on the EHF performance. Then, the thermal comfort (TC) of the night-running EHF is studied. Finally, indicators are defined, allowing the comparison of different EHF. Results show that an EHF is able to shift 84% of building loads to the night while maintaining acceptable TC in cold climate. Moreover, this system is able to provide savings for the customer and supplier if there is a significant difference between off-peak and peak period electricity prices. View Full-Text
Keywords: electrically heated floor; load management; intermittent heating; thermal storage; modeling; performance; cold climate; thermal comfort electrically heated floor; load management; intermittent heating; thermal storage; modeling; performance; cold climate; thermal comfort
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Thieblemont, H.; Haghighat, F.; Moreau, A. Thermal Energy Storage for Building Load Management: Application to Electrically Heated Floor. Appl. Sci. 2016, 6, 194.

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