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Appl. Sci. 2016, 6(5), 147; doi:10.3390/app6050147

Physical and Degradable Properties of Mulching Films Prepared from Natural Fibers and Biodegradable Polymers

Institute of Bast Fiber Crops, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Changsha 410205, China
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Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Samuel B. Adeloju
Received: 2 March 2016 / Revised: 27 April 2016 / Accepted: 6 May 2016 / Published: 12 May 2016
(This article belongs to the Section Materials)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [3727 KB, uploaded 12 May 2016]   |  

Abstract

The use of plastic film in agriculture has the serious drawback of producing vast quantities of waste. In this work, films were prepared from natural fibers and biodegradable polymers as potential substitutes for the conventional non-biodegradable plastic film used as mulching material in agricultural production. The physical properties (e.g., mechanical properties, heat preservation, water permeability, and photopermeability) and degradation characteristics (evaluated by micro-organic culture testing and soil burial testing) of the films were studied in both laboratory and field tests. The experimental results indicated that these fiber/polymer films exhibited favorable physical properties that were sufficient for use in mulching film applications. Moreover, the degradation degree of the three tested films decreased in the following order: fiber/starch (ST) film > fiber/poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA) film > fiber/polyacrylate (PA) film. The fiber/starch and fiber/PVA films were made from completely biodegradable materials and demonstrated the potential to substitute non-biodegradable films. View Full-Text
Keywords: mulching film; biodegradation; natural fiber; biodegradable polymer mulching film; biodegradation; natural fiber; biodegradable polymer
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Tan, Z.; Yi, Y.; Wang, H.; Zhou, W.; Yang, Y.; Wang, C. Physical and Degradable Properties of Mulching Films Prepared from Natural Fibers and Biodegradable Polymers. Appl. Sci. 2016, 6, 147.

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