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Appl. Sci. 2016, 6(11), 324; doi:10.3390/app6110324

Influence of Induced Magnetic Field on Free Convection of Nanofluid Considering Koo-Kleinstreuer-Li (KKL) Correlation

1
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Babol University of Technology, Babol 484, Iran
2
Department of Mathematics, COMSATS Institute of Information Technology, Park Road, Chak Shahzad, Islamabad 45550, Pakistan
3
Department of Mathematics & Statistics, FBAS, IIUI, H-10 Sector, Islamabad 44000, Pakistan
4
Mathematics Faculty of Science Taibah University, Madinah 41411, Munawwarah, Saudi Arabia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Fan-Gang Tseng
Received: 3 September 2016 / Revised: 12 October 2016 / Accepted: 24 October 2016 / Published: 2 November 2016
(This article belongs to the Section Nanotechnology and Applied Nanosciences)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [4538 KB, uploaded 2 November 2016]   |  

Abstract

In this paper, the influence of induced magnetic field on free convection of Al2O3-water nanofluid on permeable plate by means of Koo-Kleinstreuer-Li (KKL) model is reported. Impact of Brownian motion, along with the properties of nanofluid, are also taken into account. The resulting equations are solved utilizing Runge-Kutta integration method. Obtained results are examined for innumerable energetic parameters, namely Al2O3 volume fraction, suction parameter, and Hartmann and magnetic Prandtl numbers. Results indicate that the velocity profile reduces with rise of the suction parameter and magnetic Prandtl and Hartmann numbers but it increases with addition of nanoparticles. Shear stress enhances with rise of suction parameter, magnetic Prandtl and Hartmann numbers. Temperature gradient improves with augment of suction parameter. View Full-Text
Keywords: induced magnetic field; nanofluid; free convection; permeable plate; current density induced magnetic field; nanofluid; free convection; permeable plate; current density
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Sheikholeslami, M.; Zia, Q.M.Z.; Ellahi, R. Influence of Induced Magnetic Field on Free Convection of Nanofluid Considering Koo-Kleinstreuer-Li (KKL) Correlation. Appl. Sci. 2016, 6, 324.

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