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Appl. Sci. 2016, 6(10), 312; doi:10.3390/app6100312

A Cost-Effective Tracking Algorithm for Hypersonic Glide Vehicle Maneuver Based on Modified Aerodynamic Model

Beijing Institute of Tracking and Telecommunications Technology, No. 26 Beiqing Road, Beijing 100094, China
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Academic Editor: César M. A. Vasques
Received: 6 September 2016 / Revised: 15 October 2016 / Accepted: 18 October 2016 / Published: 22 October 2016
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Abstract

In order to defend the hypersonic glide vehicle (HGV), a cost-effective single-model tracking algorithm using Cubature Kalman filter (CKF) is proposed in this paper based on modified aerodynamic model (MAM) as process equation and radar measurement model as measurement equation. In the existing aerodynamic model, the two control variables attack angle and bank angle cannot be measured by the existing radar equipment and their control laws cannot be known by defenders. To establish the process equation, the MAM for HGV tracking is proposed by using additive white noise to model the rates of change of the two control variables. For the ease of comparison several multiple model algorithms based on CKF are presented, including interacting multiple model (IMM) algorithm, adaptive grid interacting multiple model (AGIMM) algorithm and hybrid grid multiple model (HGMM) algorithm. The performances of these algorithms are compared and analyzed according to the simulation results. The simulation results indicate that the proposed tracking algorithm based on modified aerodynamic model has the best tracking performance with the best accuracy and least computational cost among all tracking algorithms in this paper. The proposed algorithm is cost-effective for HGV tracking. View Full-Text
Keywords: hypersonic glide vehicle tracking; aerodynamic model; Cubature Kalman filter; interacting multiple model; adaptive grid interacting multiple model; hybrid grid multiple model hypersonic glide vehicle tracking; aerodynamic model; Cubature Kalman filter; interacting multiple model; adaptive grid interacting multiple model; hybrid grid multiple model
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Fan, Y.; Zhu, W.; Bai, G. A Cost-Effective Tracking Algorithm for Hypersonic Glide Vehicle Maneuver Based on Modified Aerodynamic Model. Appl. Sci. 2016, 6, 312.

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