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Appl. Sci. 2015, 5(4), 1735-1744; doi:10.3390/app5041735

Optical Simulation of Light Management in CIGS Thin-Film Solar Cells Using Finite Element Method

Institute of Sensor and Actuator Systems, Vienna University of Technology, Floragasse 7, Vienna 1040, Austria
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Academic Editors: Alejandro Pérez-Rodríguez, Philippe Lambin and Takayoshi Kobayashi
Received: 15 September 2015 / Revised: 12 November 2015 / Accepted: 7 December 2015 / Published: 11 December 2015
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Abstract

In this paper we present an optical simulation of light management in Cu(In,Ga)Se2 thin-film solar cells with reduced absorber layer thickness, with the goal of absorption enhancement in the absorber layer. The light management was achieved by texturing of the substrate layer, and the conformal growth of all the following layers was assumed. Two texturing shapes have been explored: triangular and convex, with different periods and height aspect ratios. The simulations have shown that significant enhancement of absorption within the absorber layer can be achieved using the proposed geometry. The results showed that the triangular textures with small periods (100–200 nm) and high aspect ratios have the most prominent effect on the enhancement of absorption within the absorber layer, although they are difficult to achieve experimentally. View Full-Text
Keywords: light management; CIGS; thin-film solar cells; simulation; finite element method light management; CIGS; thin-film solar cells; simulation; finite element method
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Bednar, N.; Severino, N.; Adamovic, N. Optical Simulation of Light Management in CIGS Thin-Film Solar Cells Using Finite Element Method. Appl. Sci. 2015, 5, 1735-1744.

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