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Appl. Sci. 2015, 5(3), 532-543; doi:10.3390/app5030532

Microwave-Assisted Conversion of Levulinic Acid to γ-Valerolactone Using Low-Loaded Supported Iron Oxide Nanoparticles on Porous Silicates

Departamento de Química Orgánica, Universidad de Córdoba, Campus de Rabanales, Edificio Marie Curie (C-3), Ctra Nnal IV-A, Km 396, E14014, Cordoba, Spain
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Rajender S. Varma
Received: 6 July 2015 / Revised: 27 August 2015 / Accepted: 31 August 2015 / Published: 9 September 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nano-Catalysts and Their Applications)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [1991 KB, uploaded 9 September 2015]   |  

Abstract

The microwave-assisted conversion of levulinic acid (LA) has been studied using low-loaded supported Fe-based catalysts on porous silicates. A very simple, productive, and highly reproducible continuous flow method has been used for the homogeneous deposition of metal oxide nanoparticles on the silicate supports. Formic acid was used as a hydrogen donating agent for the hydrogenation of LA to effectively replace high pressure H2 mostly reported for LA conversion. Moderate LA conversion was achieved in the case of non-noble metal-based iron oxide catalysts, with a significant potential for further improvements to compete with noble metal-based catalysts. View Full-Text
Keywords: flow nanocatalysis; conversion of levulinic acid; hydrogenation; GVL; supported nanoparticles flow nanocatalysis; conversion of levulinic acid; hydrogenation; GVL; supported nanoparticles
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Yepez, A.; De, S.; Climent, M.S.; Romero, A.A.; Luque, R. Microwave-Assisted Conversion of Levulinic Acid to γ-Valerolactone Using Low-Loaded Supported Iron Oxide Nanoparticles on Porous Silicates. Appl. Sci. 2015, 5, 532-543.

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