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Environments 2018, 5(2), 25; https://doi.org/10.3390/environments5020025

Socioeconomic Indicators for the Evaluation and Monitoring of Climate Change in National Parks: An Analysis of the Sierra de Guadarrama National Park (Spain)

1
Department of Psychology and Sociology, University of Zaragoza, c/Pedro Cerbuna, 12, 50009 Zaragoza, Spain
2
Department of Social Analysis, University Carlos III of Madrid, c/Madrid, 126, 28903 Getafe, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 27 November 2017 / Revised: 7 February 2018 / Accepted: 8 February 2018 / Published: 12 February 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainable Territorial Management)
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Abstract

This paper analyzes the importance of assessing and controlling the social and economic impact of climate change in national parks. To this end, a system of indicators for evaluation and monitoring is proposed for the Sierra de Guadarrama National Park, one of the most important in Spain. Based on the Driving forces-Pressure-State-Impact-Response (DPSIR) framework, the designed system uses official statistical data in combination with data to be collected through ad hoc qualitative research. The result is a system of indicators that monitors the use of natural resources, the demographic evolution, economic activities, social interactions, and policies. Adapted to different contexts, these indicators could also be used in other national parks and similar natural protected areas throughout the world. This type of indicator system is one of the first to be carried out in Spain’s national parks. The result is a system that can be useful not only in itself, but also one that can catalyze climate change planning and management of national parks. View Full-Text
Keywords: socioeconomic indicators; national parks; climate change; sustainable development; Sierra de Guadarrama; Spain socioeconomic indicators; national parks; climate change; sustainable development; Sierra de Guadarrama; Spain
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López, I.; Pardo, M. Socioeconomic Indicators for the Evaluation and Monitoring of Climate Change in National Parks: An Analysis of the Sierra de Guadarrama National Park (Spain). Environments 2018, 5, 25.

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