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Environments 2017, 4(3), 45; doi:10.3390/environments4030045

Incorporating Air Quality Improvement at a Local Level into Climate Policy in the Transport Sector: A Case Study in Bandung City, Indonesia

1
Department of Governance and Technology of Sustainability (CSTM),Faculty of Behavioural, Management, and Social Science, University of Twente, 7522 NB Enschede, The Netherlands
2
Graduate School of Environmental Science, Padjadjaran University, Jawa Barat 45363, Indonesia
3
Department of Multi-Actor Systems, Policy, Organisation, Law and Gaming, Faculty of Technology, Policy and Management, TU Delft, 2628 CD Delft, The Netherlands
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 31 March 2017 / Revised: 7 June 2017 / Accepted: 21 June 2017 / Published: 24 June 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Air Pollution Control)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [2126 KB, uploaded 24 June 2017]   |  

Abstract

Climate policy has a strong influence on policy processes at national levels in Indonesia, while other policies with a focus on air quality improvement are being implemented at local levels. Indonesia as a developing country has committed to reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by 29 percent by the year 2030. This calls into question the extent to which cities and local governments can cope with the challenges of climate change mitigation. The purpose of the research is to find out the extent to which local air pollution reduction policies can contribute to the climate change mitigation program. The research design involved an empirical case study on governance and policy relevant to climate change efforts to lower GHG in Bandung City, Indonesia. The study evaluated the air quality improvement and the climate change mitigation programs using the actor-based framework of the Contextual Interaction Theory (CIT). The governance and stakeholder characteristic of climate change mitigation were also analysed using the structural context part of the CIT framework. The result shows that air quality improvement policy is implemented separately from climate policy; the latter operates at the national level and the former at the local level. By looking at the actor interaction analysis, the study concludes that a more holistic environmental policy approach would be more efficient at reducing local air pollution and contributing to the mitigation of climate change. View Full-Text
Keywords: air quality improvement; climate change mitigation; local government; contextual interaction theory; co-benefit goals air quality improvement; climate change mitigation; local government; contextual interaction theory; co-benefit goals
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Gunawan, H.; Bressers, H.; Mohlakoana, N.; Hoppe, T. Incorporating Air Quality Improvement at a Local Level into Climate Policy in the Transport Sector: A Case Study in Bandung City, Indonesia. Environments 2017, 4, 45.

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