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Environments 2014, 1(2), 137-156; doi:10.3390/environments1020137

Impact of Different Types of Activated Carbon on the Bioaccessibility of 14C-phenanthrene in Sterile and Non-Sterile Soils

Lancaster Environment Centre, Lancaster University, Lancaster, LA1 4YQ, UK
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Received: 15 July 2014 / Revised: 18 September 2014 / Accepted: 17 October 2014 / Published: 27 October 2014
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Abstract

In this study, the impact of three different types of activated carbon (AC) on the bioaccessibility of 14C-phenanthrene in non-sterile and sterile soils was investigated. A single dose (1%) of each of the different AC (CB4, CP1 and AQ5000) was blended with soil spiked with 50 mg·kg−1 of 12C/14C-phenanthrene. The mineralisation of the 14C-phenanthrene was monitored over a 14 day incubation period by indigenous soil microflora and an enriched inoculum of Pseudomonas sp., while uptake in earthworms, Eisenia fetida, was measured after incubation for 10 days at 1, 25, 50 and 100 d. Bioaccessibility was assessed using hydroxypropyl-β-cyclodextrin (HPCD) solution. Results showed that the presence of AC had a significant effect upon the extents of mineralisation, earthworm uptake and HPCD extraction, when compared to the control. Aquasorb CB4 was the least effective amongst the different AC used. The characteristics of the different AC used was also seen to have a major influence on how each AC would have an effect on its use in soil remediation in reducing bioaccessibility, mobility and risk. View Full-Text
Keywords: activated carbon; earthworm; HPCD extraction; phenanthrene; soil activated carbon; earthworm; HPCD extraction; phenanthrene; soil
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Oyelami, A.; Elegbede, B.; Semple, K. Impact of Different Types of Activated Carbon on the Bioaccessibility of 14C-phenanthrene in Sterile and Non-Sterile Soils. Environments 2014, 1, 137-156.

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