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Behav. Sci. 2018, 8(8), 68; https://doi.org/10.3390/bs8080068

Regional Variations of Fertility Control Behavior among Rural Reproductive Women in Bangladesh: A Hierarchical Analysis

1
Doctoral Candidate in Doctor of Public Health Program, Department of Family Health, Faculty of Public Health, Mahidol University, Bangkok 10400, Thailand
2
Department of Family Health, Faculty of Public Health, Mahidol University, Bangkok 10400, Thailand
3
Department of Biostatistics, Faculty of Public Health, Mahidol University, Bangkok 10400, Thailand
4
National Institute of Preventive and Social Medicine (NIPSOM), Dhaka 1212, Bangladesh
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 10 May 2018 / Revised: 21 July 2018 / Accepted: 27 July 2018 / Published: 31 July 2018
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Abstract

Women’s fertility decision is quite difficult in male-dominant rural culture due to their poor reproductive autonomy. A cross-sectional survey was conducted in rural community of Bangladesh between November 2017 and February 2018 among 1285 respondents selected by multi-stage stratified sampling to explore regional variations of rural women’s fertility control behavior and its determinants using hierarchical and other inferential statistics. Data collection was done by face-to-face interview using questionnaire. Average parity was 2.5 per woman and 41% respondents had three or more children. About 60% of them used modern contraceptives (MCs) and oral contraceptive pill (OCP) was their first choice. Male participation in contraceptive use was less than 5%. Regional variation, women’s empowerment, fertility control knowledge, family planning (FP) attitude, social influence, perceived behavioral control (PBC) and fertility intention were significant predictors of fertility control behavior (p < 0.05). Significant regional variations were determined in fertility control behavior of rural women (p < 0.05). Almost all of its predictors explained by Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) also showed significant regional variations (p < 0.05). Current fertility control policy should be strengthened more not only to improve fertility behavior of rural women but also to establish regional equity in fertility control by improving their reproductive decision-making in a rational way. View Full-Text
Keywords: regional variation; fertility control; hierarchical analysis; Bangladesh regional variation; fertility control; hierarchical analysis; Bangladesh
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Alam, M.A.; Chamroonsawasdi, K.; Chansatitporn, N.; Munsawaengsub, C.; Islam, M.S. Regional Variations of Fertility Control Behavior among Rural Reproductive Women in Bangladesh: A Hierarchical Analysis. Behav. Sci. 2018, 8, 68.

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