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Behav. Sci. 2016, 6(1), 4; doi:10.3390/bs6010004

A Longitudinal Study of Sexual Entitlement and Self-Efficacy among Young Women and Men: Gender Differences and Associations with Age and Sexual Experience

1
School of Applied Psychology and Menzies Health Institute of Queensland, Griffith University, G40 Parklands Dr., Southport 4222, Australia
2
Département de sexologie, Université du Québec à Montréal, C.P. 8888, Succ. Centre-ville, Montréal, QC H3C 3P8, Canada
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: John Coverdale
Received: 30 November 2015 / Revised: 13 January 2016 / Accepted: 14 January 2016 / Published: 18 January 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Adolescent Romantic Relationships and Sex: Development and Behavior)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [223 KB, uploaded 18 January 2016]

Abstract

Many scholars have called for an increased focus on positive aspects of sexual health and sexuality. Using a longitudinal design with two assessments, we investigated patterns of entitlement to sexual partner pleasure and self-efficacy to achieve sexual pleasure among 295 young men and women aged 17–25 years attending one Australian university. We also tested whether entitlement and efficacy differed by gender, and hypothesized that entitlement and efficacy would be higher in older participants and those with more sexual experience. A sense of entitlement to sexual partner pleasure increased significantly over the year of the study, whereas, on average, there was no change in self-efficacy over time. At Time 1 (T1), young women reported more entitlement than young men. Age was positively associated with T1 entitlement, and experience with a wider range of partnered sexual behaviors was concurrently associated with more entitlement and efficacy and was also associated with increased entitlement to partner pleasure and increased self-efficacy in achieving sexual pleasure at T2 relative to T1. A group with the least amount of sexual experience was particularly low in entitlement and efficacy when compared to groups with a history of coital experience. There was no evidence that any association differed between young men and young women. Limitations of the study include a sample of predominantly middle class, Caucasian students at one university and the possibility that students more interested in sex and relationships, and with more sexual experience, chose to participate. View Full-Text
Keywords: sexual subjectivity; sexual self-perceptions; sexual behavior; gender; young adults; adolescents sexual subjectivity; sexual self-perceptions; sexual behavior; gender; young adults; adolescents
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Hewitt-Stubbs, G.; Zimmer-Gembeck, M.J.; Mastro, S.; Boislard, M.-A. A Longitudinal Study of Sexual Entitlement and Self-Efficacy among Young Women and Men: Gender Differences and Associations with Age and Sexual Experience. Behav. Sci. 2016, 6, 4.

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