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Behav. Sci. 2015, 5(4), 589-601; doi:10.3390/bs5040589

Treatment of Danish Survivors of Child Sexual Abuse—A Cohort Study

Department of Psychology, University of Southern Denmark, Campusvej 55, DK-5230 Odense M, Denmark
Academic Editor: John Coverdale
Received: 17 September 2015 / Revised: 19 November 2015 / Accepted: 9 December 2015 / Published: 11 December 2015
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [467 KB, uploaded 11 December 2015]

Abstract

Objective: To investigate the changes in psychological and social domains associated with treatment in survivors of child sexual abuse. Method: Participants from four centers were assessed at baseline and were followed up after six and 12 months. The battery covered posttraumatic and general distress symptoms, attachment, coping styles, self-worth, and social support. Results: The estimated prevalence of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) was 78% at baseline; this rate declined to 40% after one year. There were no differences in outcome measures across the different centers or between the individual and group treatments. Half of the PTSD variation at 12 months was explained by four factors: education, avoidance attachment, emotional coping, and social support. Conclusion: The findings in this study indicated a substantial reduction in mental health problems in survivors following 12 months of treatment and identified personality and social factors important for recovery. View Full-Text
Keywords: Treatment; adults; child sexual abuse; posttraumatic stress disorder; attachment; coping Treatment; adults; child sexual abuse; posttraumatic stress disorder; attachment; coping
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Elklit, A. Treatment of Danish Survivors of Child Sexual Abuse—A Cohort Study. Behav. Sci. 2015, 5, 589-601.

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