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Behav. Sci. 2015, 5(1), 113-120; doi:10.3390/bs5010113

Alcohol Abuse Mediates the Association between Baseline T/C Ratio and Anger Expression in Intimate Partner Violence Perpetrators

1
Department of Psychobiology, University of Valencia, Avenida Blasco Ibañez, Valencia 21 46010, Spain
2
Department of Social Psychology, University of Valencia, Avenida Blasco Ibañez, Valencia 21 46010, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: John Coverdale
Received: 11 December 2014 / Accepted: 9 March 2015 / Published: 20 March 2015
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Abstract

The imbalance between testosterone (T) and cortisol (C) levels has been proposed as a possible marker of risk for intimate partner violence (IPV). Moreover, it could be related to a high probability of adopting risky behaviors such as alcohol abuse which, in turn, promotes the onset of IPV. This study tested the potential mediating effect of alcohol consumption on the relationship between baseline T/C ratio and anger expression in IPV perpetrators and non-violent controls. Alcohol consumption was higher in the former than controls. A high baseline T/C ratio was only associated with high anger expression in IPV perpetrators, and this association was mediated by high alcohol consumption. Thus, alcohol abuse may act as a catalytic factor in this relationship, high consumption promoting the onset of IPV. These findings contribute to the development of effective treatment and prevention programs, which could introduce the use of biological markers for preventing the onset, development and recidivism of IPV. View Full-Text
Keywords: alcohol; anger expression; intimate partner violence; testosterone/cortisol ratio alcohol; anger expression; intimate partner violence; testosterone/cortisol ratio
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Romero-Martínez, Á.; Lila, M.; Moya-Albiol, L. Alcohol Abuse Mediates the Association between Baseline T/C Ratio and Anger Expression in Intimate Partner Violence Perpetrators. Behav. Sci. 2015, 5, 113-120.

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