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Behav. Sci. 2014, 4(4), 352-370; doi:10.3390/bs4040352

Definition of Impulsivity and Related Terms Following Traumatic Brain Injury: A Review of the Different Concepts and Measures Used to Assess Impulsivity, Disinhibition and other Related Concepts

1,2,†,* and 1,2,3,†
1
Department of Psychology, University of Montreal, Montreal, QC H3C 3J7, Canada
2
Centre for Interdisciplinary Research in Rehabilitation of Greater Montreal (CRIR), Montreal, QC H2H 2N8, Canada
3
Centre de recherche en neuropsychologie et cognition (CERNEC), Montreal, QC H3C 3J7, Canada
These authors contributed equally to this work.
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 8 February 2014 / Revised: 18 August 2014 / Accepted: 27 August 2014 / Published: 9 October 2014
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Abstract

Impulsivity is a common and debilitating sequela following traumatic brain injury (TBI), but there is no consensual definition or measure to assess this construct. The following review aims to elucidate the differences and resemblances between impulsivity, disinhibition and other related terms following brain injury and the instruments that are commonly used to measure these constructs. To do so, a search through different databases was conducted in order to find articles that mention and define impulsivity, disinhibition, impulse control, regulation deficits, dyscontrol and risky behavior. The concepts that stand out from the literature, the measures used, the similarities, the differences between these concepts are observed. The fit with the UPPS model of impulsivity, according to which impulsivity is a multidimensional concept composed of four distinct dimensions (urgency, perseverance, premeditation and sensation-seeking) is discussed. View Full-Text
Keywords: impulsivity; disinhibition; TBI; brain injury; impulse control; regulation; inhibitory control; definitions; UPPS impulsivity; disinhibition; TBI; brain injury; impulse control; regulation; inhibitory control; definitions; UPPS
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Kocka, A.; Gagnon, J. Definition of Impulsivity and Related Terms Following Traumatic Brain Injury: A Review of the Different Concepts and Measures Used to Assess Impulsivity, Disinhibition and other Related Concepts. Behav. Sci. 2014, 4, 352-370.

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