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Behav. Sci. 2014, 4(3), 320-340; doi:10.3390/bs4030320

Latino Veterans with PTSD: A Systematic Review

1
Department of Veterans Affairs Center of Excellence for Stress and Mental Health, 3550 La Jolla Village Drive, San Diego, CA 92161, USA
2
Smith College School for Social Work, Lilly Hall, Northampton, MA 01063, USA 
Received: 4 June 2014 / Revised: 11 July 2014 / Accepted: 16 August 2014 / Published: 3 September 2014
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Abstract

Latinos have a long history of military service with recent service including combat conditions and multiple deployments, which are highly associated with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Clinical acumen underscores the importance of culture in assessment and treatment, but there has been little scientific literature that investigates the unique needs of veteran Latinos with PTSD. The primary goal of this systematic review was to analyze the existing literature on Latino veterans with PTSD and to critically evaluate attention to cultural issues. The Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses were used to guide this review. Peer-reviewed, research reports written in English on Latino Veterans with PTSD since 1980 were included; 20 were assessment related, and nine were treatment related. All studies were quantitative. Only 13 studies mentioned culture as part of the context for Latino veterans, and only seven included cultural factors as part of the study design. Present findings highlight a lack of research focused on understanding cultural factors related to the assessment and treatment of Latino veterans with PTSD. Culturally-informed research on Latino veterans from current wars, Latina veterans and Latino veteran treatment outcomes are necessary to provide culturally-appropriate care to this growing veteran subgroup. View Full-Text
Keywords: Latino veterans; Hispanic veterans; minority veterans; posttraumatic stress disorder; Latino culture; Hispanic culture; PTSD and culture; review Latino veterans; Hispanic veterans; minority veterans; posttraumatic stress disorder; Latino culture; Hispanic culture; PTSD and culture; review
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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Pittman, J.O.E. Latino Veterans with PTSD: A Systematic Review. Behav. Sci. 2014, 4, 320-340.

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