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Behav. Sci. 2013, 3(3), 473-491; doi:10.3390/bs3030473
Article

Explaining Differential Reporting of Victimization between Parents and Children: A Consideration of Social Biases

1,†
 and 2,†,*
Received: 27 June 2013; in revised form: 31 July 2013 / Accepted: 2 August 2013 / Published: 16 August 2013
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Functional Perspectives on Emotion, Behavior, and Cognition)
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Abstract: Studies have shown that children and parents provide different reports of children’s victimization, with children often reporting more victimization. However, the reason for this differential reporting is unclear. This study explored two types of social biases (emotion recognition and perceived impairment) in parents and children as possible reasons underlying differential reporting. Six- to 10-year-old children and one of their parents were tested in a lab. Testing included subjective measures of parent alexithymic traits, child perceived impairment from victimization, and child- and parent-reported frequency of children’s peer victimization and internalizing and externalizing difficulties. Parents and children also completed an objective measure of emotion recognition. Both types of social bias significantly predicted reports of children’s peer victimization frequency as well as internalizing and externalizing difficulties, as rated by parents and children. Moreover, child perceived impairment bias, rather than parent emotion bias, best predicted differential reporting of peer victimization. Finally, a significant interaction demonstrated that the influence of child perceived impairment bias on differential reporting was most salient in the presence of parent emotion bias. This underscores the importance of expanding interventions for victimized youth to include the restructuring of social biases.
Keywords: peer victimization; emotional intelligence; cognitive bias; emotional bias; differential reporting peer victimization; emotional intelligence; cognitive bias; emotional bias; differential reporting
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

John, S.G.; DiLalla, L.F. Explaining Differential Reporting of Victimization between Parents and Children: A Consideration of Social Biases. Behav. Sci. 2013, 3, 473-491.

AMA Style

John SG, DiLalla LF. Explaining Differential Reporting of Victimization between Parents and Children: A Consideration of Social Biases. Behavioral Sciences. 2013; 3(3):473-491.

Chicago/Turabian Style

John, Sufna G.; DiLalla, Lisabeth F. 2013. "Explaining Differential Reporting of Victimization between Parents and Children: A Consideration of Social Biases." Behav. Sci. 3, no. 3: 473-491.

Behav. Sci. EISSN 2076-328X Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert