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Toward a Brighter Future for Psychology as an Observation Oriented Science
Department of Psychology, Oklahoma State University, 116 North Murray, Stillwater OK 74074, USA
The University of Auckland, Private Bag 92019, Auckland 1142, New Zealand
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 28 December 2011; in revised form: 12 January 2012 / Accepted: 13 January 2012 / Published: 16 January 2012
Abstract: Serious criticisms of psychology’s research practices and data analysis methods date back to at least the mid-1900s after the Galtonian school of thought had thoroughly triumphed over the Wundtian school. In the wake of Bem’s (2011) recent, highly publicized study on psi phenomena in a prestigious journal, psychologists are again raising serious questions about their dominant research script. These concerns are echoed in the current paper, and Observation Oriented Modeling (OOM) is presented as an alternative approach toward data conceptualization and analysis for the social and life sciences. This approach is rooted in philosophical realism and an attitude toward data analysis centered around causality and common sense. Three example studies and accompanying data analyses are presented and discussed to demonstrate a number of OOM’s advantages over current researcher practices.
Keywords: Observation Oriented Modeling; research methods; null hypothesis significance testing; integrated models
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Grice, J.W.; Barrett, P.T.; Schlimgen, L.A.; Abramson, C.I. Toward a Brighter Future for Psychology as an Observation Oriented Science. Behav. Sci. 2012, 2, 1-22.
Grice JW, Barrett PT, Schlimgen LA, Abramson CI. Toward a Brighter Future for Psychology as an Observation Oriented Science. Behavioral Sciences. 2012; 2(1):1-22.
Grice, James W.; Barrett, Paul T.; Schlimgen, Liz A.; Abramson, Charles I. 2012. "Toward a Brighter Future for Psychology as an Observation Oriented Science." Behav. Sci. 2, no. 1: 1-22.