Next Article in Journal
Insomnia in Adolescence
Next Article in Special Issue
Diagnosis of Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis: Differential Diagnosis
Previous Article in Journal
Role of Transglutaminase 2 in Migration of Tumor Cells and How Mouse Models Fit
Previous Article in Special Issue
Lung Transplantation in Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis
Article Menu
Issue 3 (September) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessReview
Med. Sci. 2018, 6(3), 71;

Comorbidities and Complications in Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis

Hospital Universitario Lucus Augusti, Respiratory Department, 27002 Lugo, Spain
Hospital Clínic, Respiratory Department, 08036 Barcelona, Spain
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 23 July 2018 / Revised: 14 August 2018 / Accepted: 20 August 2018 / Published: 30 August 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis)
Full-Text   |   PDF [680 KB, uploaded 30 August 2018]   |  
  |   Review Reports


Though idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is characterized by single-organ involvement, many comorbid conditions occur within other organ systems. Patients with IPF may present during evolution different complications and comorbidities that influence the prognosis and modify the natural course of their disease. In this chapter, we highlight common comorbid conditions encountered in IPF, discuss disease-specific diagnostic modalities, and review the current treatment data for several key comorbidities. The diagnosis and treatment of these comorbidities is a challenge for the pulmonologist specialized in interstitial lung diseases (ILDs). We will focus on pulmonary emphysema, lung cancer, gastroesophageal reflux, pulmonary hypertension, obstructive sleep apnea (sleep disorders), and acute exacerbation of IPF. View Full-Text
Keywords: idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis; comorbidities; complications idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis; comorbidities; complications

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Cano-Jiménez, E.; Hernández González, F.; Peloche, G.B. Comorbidities and Complications in Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis. Med. Sci. 2018, 6, 71.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Med. Sci. EISSN 2076-3271 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top